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How are nucleic acids and proteins similar?
Nucleic acids contain the same elements as proteins: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; plus phosphorous (C, H, O, N, and P). Nucleic acids are very large macromolecules composed of repetitive units of the same building blocks, nucleotides, similar to a pearl necklace made of many pearls.
How are nucleic acids and proteins related apex?
1 Answer. The sequence of the codons in nucleic acids determines the sequence of amino acids in a protein. Each codon is composed of three nucleotides (nitrogen bases), and codes for a particular amino acid (or stop codon). The sequence of amino acids determines the structure of a protein, which determines its function …
Proteins and Nucleic Acids
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How are proteins and nucleic acids related quizlet?
What is the relationship between proteins and nucleic acids? Proteins are polymers of amino acids that are assembled based on genetic information in nucleic acids. What is the relationship between a polymer and monomer? A polymer is a large molecule made up of smaller units called monomers, which are linked together.
What is the relationship between nucleic acids nucleotides and proteins?
Hidden within the genetic code lies the “triplet code,” a series of three nucleotides that determine a single amino acid.
How are proteins and nucleic acids similar and different?
As molecules, proteins and nucleic acids are not similar in structure. They look nothing alike, either as large molecules or in terms of their building blocks. While they’re both made up of mostly carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen, the elements are assembled in vastly different ways.
How are acids and proteins related quizlet?
production of protein? To form proteins, amino acids are linked together by peptide bonds, which join the acid group of one amino acid to the amino group of another amino acid.
How are acids and proteins related?
Within a protein, multiple amino acids are linked together by peptide bonds, thereby forming a long chain. Peptide bonds are formed by a biochemical reaction that extracts a water molecule as it joins the amino group of one amino acid to the carboxyl group of a neighboring amino acid.
How are amino acids and proteins related?
1 Answer. Amino acids are all the building blocks of protein. Chain of amino acids form polypeptide. One or more polypeptide (sometimes along with non protein part) together may acquire a functional form and 3D structure to become protein.
Proteins and Nucleic Acids : Key Biomolecules II
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What do proteins and nucleic acids and carbohydrates have in common?
Terms in this set (8)
Proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates all have certain characteristics in common. What are the common characteristics? They all contain the element carbon. They contain simpler units that are linked together making larger molecules.
What is the difference between a protein and a nucleic acid?
Protein is a molecule made up of polypeptides. It is a class of biological molecule consisting of chains of amino acids called polypeptides. Nucleic acid is a class of macromolecules made up of long chain of polynucleotide that includes deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).
What is relationship between protein cell and DNA structure?
The relationship between DNA and protein is that DNA has the code, or instructions, for making protein. DNA is the genetic material of the cell.
What is the relationship between proteins and amino acids quizlet?
Amino acids are bound together by a chemical bond known as an amino acid bond to form proteins. The side chain of an amino acid differentiates one amino acid from another.
How are acids and protons related quizlet?
Why are acids called proton donors? Acids have the tendency to lose H+ atoms, which are also referred to as “protons” because of their positive charge. Another term used for acids is electron acceptor. Bases, on the other hand, are referred to as proton acceptors or electron donors.
What are proteins and amino acids quizlet?
A chain of more than 50 amino acids forms a protein. A protein will not be made if all essential amino acids aren’t present. The building blocks of protein. All amino acids are composed of an acid group, an amine group, and a unique side chain.
Unit 3 AOS 1 Biology: Nucleic acids and Proteins
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How do amino acids combine to form proteins?
To form polypeptides and proteins, amino acids are joined together by peptide bonds, in which the amino or NH2 of one amino acid bonds to the carboxyl (acid) or COOH group of another amino acid.
What is the difference between an amino acid polypeptide and a protein?
A polypeptide is a simple polymer of amino-acids linked by covalent peptide bonds, while a protein is a complex molecule characterized by a stable structure composed by the folding of one or more polypeptide chains, held together by non covalent bonds.
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